The Region of Guadalteba is formed by the municipalities of ALMARGEN, ARDALES, CAMPILLOS, CAÑETE LA REAL, CARRATRACA, CUEVAS DEL BECERRO, SIERRA DE YEGUAS and TEBA. It is located in the province of Málaga, among the municipalities of Ronda, Alora and Antequera, and covers an area of 722.58 km2. Its natural boundaries are Seville’s countryside to the north, Guadalhorce Valley to the south, Ronda Mountains to the west and Cadiz Mountains and Antequera Plain to the east.
This region is located at the east end of the so called “Surco Intrabético”, the beginning of a natural corridor which, through Granada Plain, Baza and Guadix Hollow and Lorca landscape, link Andalucia with Spanish Levante (east coast of the peninsula).
Inside, the region characterizes for the small mountains that form it, like Cañete, Peñarrubia Caballos Mountain in the north.
However, the main relieves are locate in the south, shaping an area of great environmental interest. From east to west, Valle de Abdalajís Mountains, Pizzarra Mountains, Aguas Mountains, Baños Mountains, Alcaparaín Mountains and Ortegícar Mountains.
This mountain chain have determined both the climate conditions and the communication between the region and the south part of the province, which take advantage of natural mountain passes making it very difficult to find alternative access ways.
Within the group of mountain chains located inside the region there are some natural areas where vegetation does not grow due to the predominance of lithosols. However, the influence of human activity has also contributed to the actual limited development.
On the other hand, the mountains in the south create a burden effect that determines the climate conditions in the main part of the region, causing a decrease in the softener effect of the sea. Therefore, this region has a continental climate, with hard winters and very hot summers. The annual average temperature is 15-16º and the average rain fall is 600-700 mm.
Guadalhorce River brings the main part of the water that comes into the region through its tributary rivers, Guadalteba and Turón. This river – which can dry completely in summer –, receives contributions from the north slope of Ronda Mountains.
The reservoirs of Conde de Guadalhorce, Guadalhorce and Guadalteba provide the caudal necessary for Malaga supply and the irrigated lands of Guadalhorce.
In the north, a small portion of the territory pours its waters into the Guadalete River through the tributary river of Corbones.
Finally, we must highlight the group of reservoirs mainly for its environmental and tourist value and not for agricultural purposes, since the region does not use these waters for irrigation due to the low elevation of such reservoirs.